Automobiles are a crucial part of the world we live in. Without them luxuries of modern life can’t be enjoyed. Automobile Engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with automotive vehicles.
The automobile revolutionized society and the way people live, work, and play. It opened the door to a variety of new industries, such as hotels and motels, fast food restaurants, gas stations, and leisure activities. It also led to the development of many laws and government requirements, such as safety features, speed limits, and driver’s licenses. The automobile brought harm to the environment as well, through exhaust pollution and the destruction of natural areas for road building.
OPENS UP THE WORLD: The ability to travel long distances opens up more options for work and social activity. It also allows for more flexibility in lifestyle, including living in one place while working elsewhere and traveling to visit family or friends. Having a car is also useful for hauling equipment or goods that are too large or bulky for public transportation.
SAVES TIME: Being able to travel to work or to shop in a matter of minutes saves a great deal of time. It is especially valuable to those who have busy schedules and limited free time.
In the late 1800s, Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler invented the first self-propelled cars. Benz’s was powered by an internal combustion engine, while Daimler’s used a steam turbine. Both had competing companies until 1886, when the two separated. After that, Henry Ford’s innovation of the conveyor belt-based assembly line enabled mass production and greatly reduced costs. The American auto industry grew rapidly and became dominant in the 1920s. By that time, most Americans could afford a car.